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守望传统古艺 ——蓑衣

(2011-06-16 12:50:21)
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守望传统古艺

          ——蓑衣

蓑衣,中国古时传统雨具之一。随着时代变迁,制作蓑衣的工艺也面临失传,一件蓑衣的制作要用100多张棕榈布,工序多达几十道,每个环节皆需用纯手工制作完成。坚实耐用。  它的行业祖师爷是夏禹,可见大禹治水时已有蓑衣。唐诗,张志和《渔家子》:西塞山前白鹭飞,桃花流水鳜鱼肥,青箬笠,绿蓑衣,和风细雨不须归。一幅江南水乡的山水画卷顿时浮现眼前。    

蓑衣分上披和下托,上披形如单翼的蝴蝶,下托如半侧裙摆。上披和下托以细棕绳相吊。上披和下托边边都有棕须,十分耐看。串蓑衣,上披关键部位在于领口,领囗做得扎实、粗壮。棕衣顺着领囗一层层叠加,以细棕绳密密相缝,针脚整齐,间距统一,让蓑衣硬挺,穿起来舒适,编织好的蓑衣,里面平平整整,外边根根棕丝错落有致,就如同小鸟的羽毛般顺滑。串蓑衣是慢工、费时,一人四天才能制一件。      

如今蓑衣已经淡出人们的视线,现在很难再见到蓑衣,偶尔,在人迹罕至的山区乡村老人的家里,见到一件或两件蓑衣,但通常挂在阴暗、被人遗忘的角落,就像一声叹息后的余音。

 

Review on ancient traditional art

—— Coir raincoat

Coir raincoat is one of the traditional tool for preventing rain in ancient <st1:country-region w:st="on">China. As times go by, the skill and process to make coir raincoat will be gradually lost. To make one piece of coir raincoat, it takes more than 100 pieces of palm-cloth and dozens of kinds of process. And each process is done by hand. Coir raincoat is very durable. Its ancestral is Xiayu and coir raincoat appeared during the flood control project by Dayu. As one Tang poem "Fisherman" by Zhang zhi says: Egrets are flying before mountain Xi sai, peach flower falls in river and fish become fatter. Blue hat, and green coir raincoat, it doesn't need to go back even in gentle wind and rain. The scenery of mountains and waters in Jiangnan water village appears suddenly.

Coir raincoat is divided into upper part and subiculum. The shape of upper part is like a one-wing butterfly and subiculum is like hemi-skirt. The upper side and subiculum is connected by brown rope. Both upper side and subiculum have brown whiskers and look good. To make coir raincoat, the key point is the collar. Collar must be made in solid and sturdy way. Along with the collar, clothing is made one layer by another. Along with the collar, clothing is made one layer by another.  Brown thin rope is used to sew in a neat way. Only in this way, can the coir coat become endurable and wears comfortable. A well done coir raincoat should be neat and flat inside and have clear brown silk outside, as smooth as birds' feather. It takes time and effort and one person can only make one piece in four days.

Today coir raincoat has disappeared and it is difficult to see coir raincoat now. we can see one or two pieces of coir raincoat in elderly people's home the inaccessible mountains in rural area ,hanging in the dark corner, just like reverberation after sigh.

守望蓑衣

蓑衣

蓑衣

蓑衣

蓑衣

蓑衣

蓑衣国画

做蓑衣

做蓑衣呢

 

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